Dialysis care

Multiple modality provider

Based on years of experience and network-wide best practice sharing NephroCare can offer the complete dialysis therapies for each of our dialysis patients - and based on different treatments plans, choosing from a full range of therapies – in center, at home, in hospitals.


Haemodialysis (HD) involves the external filtering of the blood through a dialysis machine.

At NephroCare we aim to provide all of our patients with the best possible therapy according to their individual needs and physical condition.

As such, we offer different forms of haemodialysis:

In-center HD

The most common therapy of haemodialysis with three sessions of treatment per week at a dialysis center.

Nocturnal In-center HD

The nocturnal dialysis treatment is provided overnight, while the patient is sleeping. The longer treatment is for six to eight hours, at least three times per week.


Home Haemodialysis represents an alternative to in-center treatment since it provides higher flexibility in the treatment schedule and treatment frequency. However, patients rely always on their care team for check-up, back-up and case management.

Assisted HHD

NephroCare has developed within the home modality a comprehensive care approach also including assisted care depended from the patient’s level of independency.


Self-Care of patients in a dialysis center represents the equivalent level of independency in the treatment as home haemodialysis. The key to Self-Care is the involvement of the patient into the treatment at most or all steps.

Limited Care

The level of independency in the Self-Care treatment depends on the patient, which will be assisted and the different steps of the treatment will be shared between the patient and the care team.

Heavy Care

Dialysis patients with a high incidence of complications or limited mobility can receive their treatment outside the hospital setting in “heavy care” dialysis units.

In-patient care

Hospitalized dialysis patients represent a mixed population going from critical clinical status patients to more autonomous patients, temporary in the hospital setting for reasons not directly linked to their dialysis status. Dialysis treatments are performed in a dialysis unit within the hospital.

High-Flux dialysis

The essential element of High Flux Dialysis is the use of dialysers that have larger pores for the removal of both uraemic toxins and fluid. In conventional dialysis waste products and electrolytes are removed from the patient’s blood by diffusion – the movement of solutes from a solution of higher concentration (blood) to one of lower concentration (the dialysate) across a semipermeable membrane. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) is measured and followed as a reflection of all the toxins that the kidney normally removes. With High Flux Dialysis, BUN is clearly removed more quickly. Larger molecules are too big to be removed by conventional dialysis, but are removed with high flux dialysers.


HighVolumeHDF with its numerous positive effects on dialysis-related cardiovascular risk factors is acknowledged as the most effective dialysis treatment modality 1 , coming closer to the elimination profile of the natural kidney.

By achieving high substitution volumes, HighVolumeHDF therapy is credited with more effective elimination of middle molecules. HighVolumeHDF improves patient outcomes and exerts beneficial effects on the main cardiovascular risk factors:

  • Serum ß2-microglobulin and phosphate level 2,3,4
  • Inflammatory response 5
  • Intradialytic haemodynamic stability6
  • Anaemia control7

Vascular Access Management

Vascular access is frequently referred to as the ‘patient lifeline’. Given the vital importance of this topic NephroCare has developed numerous tools and services focusing on the management and care of vascular access. More than a decade of experience in our NephroCare clinics has given us a high level of renal care expertise which we constantly reinvest in the NephroCare network in the form of guidelines and best practice approaches enriched and guided by NephroCare services and tools.

Supporting Vascular Access Management at clinic level

To support the easy connection and disconnection of patients in line with the NephroCare Standard Good Dialysis Care and NephroCare Guideline Hygiene and Infection Control requirements the proHD Set as well as the proHD CVC Set have been developed in our clinics.

The dedicated expertise inside our NephroCare network contributes to further best practice knowledge in the vascular access field.

Joint publication projects between Fresenius Medical Care and EDTNA/ ERCA:

  • “Vascular Access Cannulation and Care Guide - A Nursing Best Practice Guide for Arteriovenous Fistula”
  • “Vascular Access Management and Care - A Nursing Best Practice Guide for Central Venous Catheter”

Endovascular Services and Vascular Access Surgeries

NephroCare provides high levels of expertise for the development and management of Vascular Access Centres (VAC) which perform endovascular services and vascular access surgery.

Monitoring Vascular Access Achievements

Vascular Access Management is an integral part of NephroCare and contributes to the optimisation of CKD therapies to improve patient outcomes, which is managed through target agreements for dedicated Key Performance Indicators which are monitored through the Balanced ScoreCard.

Peritoneal Dialysis

In peritoneal dialysis a part of the peritoneum is used as a dialyser. Water and solutes are able to move from the blood side to the dialysate side through the peritoneal membrane. The catheter stays in place the entire time a patient is on peritoneal dialysis therapy. When dialysate is present in the peritoneal cavity, removal of waste products and excess water takes place until the concentrations of solutes on the blood side and the dialysate side are equilibrated.

Different prescriptions on PD, depending on lifestyle and medical condition

Continuous Ambulatory

Peritoneal dialysis performed in our NC clinics

  • Regularly during the day
  • 4 to 5 exchanges a day
  • Exchange takes about 20-30 minutes

Automated Peritoneal dialysis performed at patient‘s home

  • Approximately 8 - 10 hours

Cycler drains and refills peritoneal cavity automatically


1 Canaud B., The Early Years of On- Line HDF: How Did It All Start? How Did We Get Here?, Krick G, Ronco C (eds): On- Line Hemodiafiltration: The Journey and the Vision, Contrib  Nephrol, Basel, Karger (2011); 175:  93–109.

2 Canaud B., Effect of Online Hemodiafiltration on Morbidity and Mortality of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients, Ronco C, Canaud B, Aljama P (eds): Hemodiafiltration, Contrib Nephrol, Basel, Karger (2007); 158: 216-224.

3 Penne E.L. et al., Role of Residual Kidney Function and Convective Volume on Change in Beta2-Microglobulin Levels in Hemodiafiltration Patients, Clin J Am Soc Nephrol (2010); 5: 80-86.

4 Davenport A. et al., The effect of dialysis modality on phosphate control: haemodialysis compared to haemodiafiltration. The Pan Thames Renal Audit, Nephrol Dial Transplant (2010); 25(3): 897-901

5 Pedrini L. et al., Long-term effects of high-efficiency on-line haemodiafiltration on uraemic toxicity. A multicentre prospective randomized study, Nephrol Dial Transplant (2011); 0: 1-8

6 Locatelli F. et al., Hemofiltration and Hemodiafiltration Reduce Intradialytic Hypotension in ESRD, J Am Soc Nephrol (2010); 21(10): 1798–1807.

7 Bonforte G. et al.,Improvement of Anemia in Hemodialysis Patients Treated by Hemodiafiltration with High-Volume On-Line-Prepared Substitution Fluid, Blood Purif (2002); 20: 357–363.

Related topics

Acute dialysis and Therapeutic apheresis

Fulfil Fresenius Medical Care’s responsibility to create a future worth living for renal patients